This language can be read narrowly to embrace only those situations in which municipalities expressly delegated to franchise holders the power to make seating rules and explicitly criminalized infractions of such rules.
Boycotters were often physically attacked. The Act like all advance legislation, was a banner on the outer wall of American liberty, a noble moral standard, uplifted for the education of the American people. Remember, if I am stopped, this movement will not stop, because God is with the movement.
First, it is widely regarded as the earliest mass protest on behalf of civil rights in the United States, setting the stage for additional large-scale actions outside the court system to bring about fair treatment for African Americans.
Law played a central part in this as in other aspects of the Movement's struggle. But the boycott on its own did not succeed in inducing the political authorities to make any substantial concessions.
Before beginning college, however, King spent the summer on a tobacco farm in Connecticut; it was his first extended stay away from home and his first substantial experience of race relations outside the segregated South. In practically every other setting, Montgomery remained overwhelmingly segregated…"  On January 23, a group of Klansmen who would later be charged for the bombings lynched a black man, Willie Edwardson the pretext that he was dating a white woman.
If you work, take a cab, or walk. This is what we must live by. There are tongues in trees, books, in the running of brooks,--sermons in stones. King himself articulated this view in his career, questioning the value of having the right to buy a hamburger at a restaurant if one lacked the money to purchase it.
If another white person boarded the bus, then everyone in the black row nearest the front had to get up and stand, so that a new row for white people could be created; it was illegal for whites and blacks to sit next to each other. We must make them know that we love them.
Montgomery and its aftermath teach lessons that reflect certain truths about the Civil Rights Movement as a whole.
The central goal of the Civil Rights Movement was to eradicate racial barriers that impeded the aspirations of blacks. When Alabama prosecuted King for violating the state's anti-boycotting statute, his attorneys transformed a hostile courtroom into an empowering forum in which the target of state power fared better politically than the state itself.
Factionalism had previously crippled potential black leaders. Four days after that, two buses were fired upon by snipers. They subsequently sued the bus company and the Birmingham Board of City Commissioners, charging, among other things, that the signs violated the Constitution by designating seating according to race.
Indeed, it has become something of a legend. An elderly man who stood in the front of a bus despite the presence of vacant seats in the rear spoke for a substantial number of whites when he stated that he 'would rather die and go to hell than sit behind a nigger.
The successes of the legal struggle helped to create a state of mind the was absolutely essential to the Movement, a consciousness that King articulated with more power and grace than anyone: He was shocked by how peacefully the races mixed in the North.
For others, the problem involved a loss of that heightened sense of duty which, during the protest, had generated such glorious departures from normalcy.
These provisions authorized carriers to 'promulgate such rules and regulations for the seating of passengers. Frederick Douglass put it best in the course of responding to those who suggested that the loss incurred by the partial invalidation of the Civil Rights Act of was of little real significance because the bill could not be enforced anyway.
With the whole world watching, black Montgomerians grew in stature to fill the roles that fate and their own efforts had created for them. When Colvin was arrested in MarchNixon thought he had found the perfect person, but the teenager turned out to be pregnant.
Second, those who deprecate the accomplishments of the Movement by reference to the consistently dismal state of the black underclass measure the Movement by indicia that fail to correspond to its primary aim.
One black who was not a Freedom Rider was doused with kerosene and set afire. Negroes have rights too, for if Negroes did not ride the buses, they could not operate. Such a line would have meant that if the white section of the bus was oversubscribed, whites would have to stand; blacks would not be forced to give up their seats to whites.
The case moved on to the United States Supreme Court. History shows that all protest movements rely on symbols - boycotts, strikes, sit-ins, flags, songs.
Symbolic action on whatever scale - from the Montgomery Bus Boycott to wearing a simple wristband - is designed to disrupt our everyday complacency and force people to think. Complacency: Montgomery Bus Boycott and Better Situation but it will also become a better situation.
See, because no one had the courage to speak up during the holocaust many people continued to be murdered and beaten. The Montgomery Bus Boycott brought together 45, members of the black community in Montgomery, Alabama.
The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Montgomery, Alabama. It was a seminal event in the Civil Rights Movement.
The Montgomery Bus Boycott has attained a secure and honored niche in the Nation's public memory. Indeed, it has become something of a legend. One problem with making legends is that the process engenders a distortive sentimentality.
Sparked by the arrest of Rosa Parks on 1 Decemberthe Montgomery bus boycott was a month mass protest that ended with the U.S. Supreme Court ruling that segregation on public buses is unconstitutional. King's sense of the historical importance of the Montgomery bus boycott was remarkable, given that it had just begun the morning of his speech.
Although boycott leaders were not sure at first that they should seek desegregation on the city's buses rather than simply better treatment, King correctly.Complacency montgomery bus boycott and better